They are not in federal court. However, GA has similar language. See below. "Commenced" and "pending" are used. Seems one depends on the other. In my state they only used commenced.
Here, the appellants contend that Saunders is not controlling because it did not address service of the complaint and because Georgia law provides that a suit is not pending until service has been perfected. See, e.g., Almon v. R.H. Macy & Co., 106 Ga.App. 123, 124(2), 126 S.E.2d 641 (1962). Nevertheless, once service has been perfected, a suit's commencement date is regarded as the date the complaint was filed:
It is true that an action “is not a ‘pending suit’ between the parties until after service of process.” (Punctuation omitted.) [Cit.] However, “[f]iling followed by service creates a pending suit from the date of filing.” [Cit.]. See Taylor v. Kohlmeyer & Co., [123 Ga.App. 493(1), 181 S.E.2d 496 (1971)] (although “service or waiver is essential, ․ when made it relates back to the date of filing, which establishes the date the action is commenced”). [Cit.] Thus, once the suit is served, it is the commencement that is key, and, as stated in OCGA § 9-11-3(a), a “civil action is commenced by filing a complaint with the court.”